To get on the Cisco, use
cisco# ? Exec commands: <1-99&ht; Session number to resume access-enable Create a temporary Access-List entry access-profile Apply user-profile to interface access-template Create a temporary Access-List entry archive manage archive files ... cisco# show ip ? access-lists List IP access lists accounting The active IP accounting database admission Network Admission Control information aliases IP alias table ...
Cisco IOS also has tab completion.
Ciscos can have multiple configurations.
show running-config show the current operational configuration. The running-config may include unsaved changes, which will be lost on the next reboot. View the saved config with
show startup-config. To save the running config:
copy running-config startup-config. You can also copy the startup-config over the running-config to reverse any unsaved changes.
To make changes or see more sensitive info, enable administrative mode with
To enter configuration mode:
config t; leave config mode with
To negate an already configured command, use
no access-list 100 to delete access list 100.
Print a diff between the running configuration and the startup config:
show archive config diff [file1] [file2]
The default values for file1 and file2 are the running-config and the startup-config.
To monitor allows and denies, add the
log option to the access list (like
deny ip any any log) and turn on monitoring (for telnet sessions) with
terminal monitor. Turn monitoring off with
terminal no monitor.
By default, IOS uses uptime at the timestamp for log entries. To change this to absolute time:
cisco#conf t Enter configuration commands, one per line. End with CNTL/Z. cisco(config)#service timestamps log datetime cisco(config)#^Z
Look for an IP (or whatever) in the logs (
include is like grep):
cisco#show logging | include 18.104.22.168
cisco#show clock *23:16:36.229 UTC Tue Jan 28 2014 cisco#conf t Enter configuration commands, one per line. End with CNTL/Z. cisco(config)#clock timezone EST -5 cisco(config)#clock summer-time EDT recurring cisco(config)#^Z cisco#show clock *18:22:34.485 EST Tue Jan 28 2014 cisco# conf t cisco(config)#ntp server 10.0.0.1 cisco(config)#^Z cisco#show ntp associations address ref clock st when poll reach delay offset disp *~10.0.0.1 22.214.171.124 2 0 64 377 0.9 -0.07 0.0 * master (synced), # master (unsynced), + selected, - candidate, ~ configured
© Paul Gorman